Alcohol consumption is a major public health problem. Around the world, alcohol is considered the third risk factor after high blood pressure and tobacco. Alcohol consumption seriously harms health. It can affect the «health capital» of drinkers throughout life, from the embryonic stage to old age. You can learn more about the price of alcoholism treatment services at https://vitacode.com.ua/price/likuvannia-alkoholizmu.
Public policy on alcohol consumption has two goals: prevention and treatment. It is implemented by the Ministry of Health, is based on a set of tools and is intended for everyone: individuals, medical workers, social workers, teachers and economic entities.
Effects of alcohol on health and social life
Alcohol consumption seriously harms health. It can affect the «health capital» of drinkers throughout life, from the embryonic stage to old age. Even at a relatively average dose of 13 grams per day, the overall health risk increases.
Beyond a certain level of consumption (2 glasses per day for women and 3 glasses per day for men), alcohol is a major risk factor for the following diseases:
— some types of cancer: oral cavity, throat, esophagus, colon and rectum, female breast.
WHO has classified alcohol as a proven carcinogenic molecule since 1988.
— some chronic diseases: liver (cirrhosis) and pancreatic diseases, cardiovascular diseases, arterial hypertension, nervous system diseases and mental disorders (anxiety, depression, behavioral disorders), precocious dementia, etc.
Regular and excessive alcohol consumption can also lead to negative consequences for the social and professional life of the alcoholic: absenteeism, job loss, delinquency, reduced quality of life, tension in relationships with others, etc. consequences of accidents, as well as domestic and extra-familial violence.
Alcohol among young people
Young people are especially vulnerable to the harmful effects of alcohol.
The earlier in life alcohol use begins, the greater the risk of addiction and health problems in adulthood.
Young people are also particularly vulnerable to the short-term effects of drinking (particularly accidents and violence). From binge drinking to binge drinking (the gradual consumption of alcoholic beverages on the Internet), binge drinking has become commonplace among young people.